Polyformer Turns Plastic Bottles Into 3D Printing Filaments

Published on May 31, 2022 by Clemens M.

What if it was possible to turn a plastic bottle into filaments for 3D printers and thus participate in reducing plastic waste? To be able to do just that is the idea behind the open-source Polyformer machine, which was created by designer Reiten Cheng. The machine itself was built from 3D printed parts made of recycled PET. Polyformer is a solution that is supposed to be accessible to everyone and was created especially for all makers who want to give a second life to plastic. The main objective is to recreate objects from recycled material in order to reduce our consumption of plastic today.

One of the advantages of 3D printing is its ability to use only the necessary material and thus reduce the amount of waste produced. But in addition to that, it can also give value to waste and give it a second life – a process called “circular economy”. There are many projects that have the goal to transform used plastic into a 3D-printed part. Polyformer is therefore not the first machine of this type, but it is interesting to note that it is an open-source project that aims to democratize the reuse of our plastic waste via additive manufacturing.

The interior of the machine (photo credits: Reiten Cheng)

The L-shaped machine is made from 3D printed parts and components found in traditional 3D printers. Recycled PET bottles were used as the raw material, which explains its translucent appearance. Inside the machine is a slicing tool to cut the plastic bottles into long continuous threads. Those are then placed in the heated up end of the machine which melts the plastic. It is then fed through a brass nozzle to create a 1.75mm filament.

Polyformer is equipped with a red motorized spool that pulls the ribbon and winds the filament as it is made. Once full, the spool is easily removable to be then used in a 3D FDM printer.

The spool makes it easy to retrieve the created filament (photo credits: Reiten Cheng)

So far, about 100 makers have built their Polyformer and given feedback to the designer to improve the solution. Reiten Cheng concludes: “I am imagining a future where products can be manufactured at home or in a community center and be recycled into things at the end of their life that can be used again to manufacture new products right on-site. The technology might not be there yet but I believe it’s not far from possible if we keep developing and implementing it as a community.” To find out more about Polyformer, click HERE.

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  1. Paul Baltierrez says:

    Good evening, I have invented a very special plastic container, I already have the design and it is also registered, I would like to know if you can make me about 6 samples to make tests initially, if I need to make any modifications etc, I would like to know if you have any address or everything is by email

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